Guava Juice: Pink vs White Nutritional Fact. Leaves Medicinal Uses

Guava is a small, thin-skinned tropical fruit. They are often processed into jellies, jams and preserves, but they can also be consumed fresh. The fruits are round to pear-shaped, usually less than 3 inches in diameter, with green or bright-yellow skins; some have a reddish blush. Ripe guavas have a musky, pungent odor. They contain small, hard seeds that may irritate the throat, but some of the newer varieties are relatively free from seeds. Guavas are sensitive to frost, which explains why the majority of them grown in this country are found only in California and Florida.

History and Origin

Guava is a tropical fruit native to Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. India and China are the two countries that produce the most guava. India is the world’s largest producer of guava, accounting for nearly 70% of global production. China is the second-largest producer of it, accounting for nearly 20% of global production. Other major producers include Thailand, Mexico, and Pakistan. It’s become increasingly popular in the United States due to its health benefits. Not only is guava a delicious snack, but it can also be a great addition to any diet. Here are some of the health benefits of guava that make it a great choice for anyone looking to stay healthy.

Cultural Spiritual Beliefs

The guava fruit carries deep symbolic significance across various cultures. In India, it symbolizes wealth and marital importance, as Lord Shiva gifted the tree to his wife Parvati. It’s also believed to ward off evil spirits in some Indian regions. In Mexico, guava represents fertility, often given to expectant mothers, while in the Caribbean, it signifies protection, commonly given to newborns. In Hinduism, it symbolizes fertility and abundance, and several cultures believe that the guava tree protects homes from negative energy. People consider the fruit a harbinger of good luck, prosperity, and even believe it possesses healing properties for emotional wounds.

Guava Nutrition Facts and Calories Chart

The main acid found in guava is citric acid. Fruit contains approximately 0.08–0.18 g/100 g of oxalic acid. The presence of oxalate ions in the fruit increases as the fruit ripens. As the guava fruit ripens and its sugar content increases, the amount of oxalate present also increases. Additionally, the activity of the enzyme that breaks down oxalates, oxalate oxidase, decreases with ripening, resulting in even more oxalate in the fruit. Which vitamins do we get from guava?

Nutritional value per 100 g fruit:

  • Biotin: 0.002 mg
  • Calcium: 28 mg
  • Carbohydrates (Carbs): 10.4 g
  • Chloride: 8 mg
  • Cholesterol: 0 mg
  • Choline: 0.3 mg
  • Chromium: 0.1 mcg
  • Copper: 0.07 mg
  • Dietary Fiber: 2.4 g
  • Energy (Calories): 68 kcal
  • Fat: 0.7 g
  • Iodine: 3.2 mcg
  • Iron: 0.4 mg
  • Magnesium: 18 mg
  • Manganese: 0.2 mg
  • Molybdenum: 0.3 mcg
  • Pantothenic Acid: 0.3 mg
  • Phosphorus: 19 mg
  • Potassium: 228 mg
  • Protein: 1.4 g
  • Saturated fat: 0.1 g
  • Selenium: 0.2 mcg
  • Sodium: 2 mg
  • Sugars: 5.9 g
  • Vitamin A: 97 IU
  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamin): 0.04 mg
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): 0.06 mg
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): 0.4 mg
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid): 0.3 mg
  • Vitamin B6: 0.1 mg
  • Vitamin B9 (Folate / Folic Acid): 44 mcg
  • Vitamin B12: 0 mcg
  • Vitamin C:  228.3 mg
  • Vitamin D: 0 IU
  • Vitamin E: 0.2 mg
  • Vitamin K: 1.1 mcg
  • Water: 79.2 g
  • Zinc: 0.1 mg

Pink vs White Guava

What is the difference between white and pink guava? White guavas are sweeter and milder compared to the tangy and acidic flavor of pink guavas. Pink guavas are softer and pulpy, while white guavas have a firmer texture. White guavas have light yellow or white flesh, whereas pink guavas have pink or red flesh. Also they are larger in size and contain more calories (69 per 100 grams) compared to pink guavas (60 per 100 grams). White guavas also have more dietary fiber (3.2 grams per 100 grams) and four times more vitamin C than pink guavas. White guavas are richer in potassium, magnesium, and protein. However, pink guavas contain more folate, iron, and calcium than white guavas. Both varieties are healthy, but white guavas are slightly sweeter. Your preference between the two depends on your taste and dietary requirements.

Guava vs Orange Nutritional Value

Saying that guava is high in vitamin C is an understatement when compared to the orange. Oranges get a lot of attention for vitamin C content; however, guavas have this citrus fruit beat. One cup of guava contains about 375 milligrams of vitamin C compared to just 83 milligrams in the same amount of orange segments. Guava is best source of pectin. Pectin is form of fiber is highly beneficial in reducing serum cholesterol levels. It is rich in tannic, malic, oxalic and phospheric acids as well as calcium, oxalate and manganese.

Tomato vs Guava vs Amla vs Lemon

Guavas are packed with essential vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin A, Vitamin C, folate, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus. They also contain high levels of antioxidants, including lycopene and polyphenols which can help fight cancer, lower cholesterol, and reduce inflammation. The main difference amongst all is the contain of vitamin C. Amla, tomato, guava, or lemon which contains more vitamin C? Which is the richest in vitamin C?

  • Tomato: Tomatoes are an excellent source of vitamin C, with one medium-sized tomato containing about 17 milligrams (mg) of the nutrient.
  • Guava: Guavas are an excellent source of vitamin C, providing 88 mg per cup (165 grams) – that’s more than three times the amount in an orange.
  • Amla: Amla is an Indian fruit that is an excellent source of vitamin C. It contains about 700 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams – about 12 times the amount in an orange.
  • Lemon: Lemons are an excellent source of vitamin C, containing about 53 mg per fruit.

Guava vs Apple Nutritional Value

Apples and guavas are both tasty and nutritious fruits that have some similarities and differences. Both apples and guavas are high in dietary fiber, and they both contain potassium, Vitamin A, and Vitamin C. They are both considered to be low-calorie fruits. Apples are sweet and crunchy, while guavas are more tart and juicy. Apples have more sugar and carbohydrates than guavas. Additionally, apples contain a greater range of vitamins and minerals than guavas, including Vitamin E, folate, and iron. Guavas, on the other hand, contain more antioxidants than apples.

Guava Fruit and India

In India, guava holds significance as Lord Krishna’s favorite fruit because of its sweet, juicy, and fragrant nature. Krishna often relished freshly picked guavas abundant in Vrindavan’s forests, where he spent his childhood. People typically consume guavas raw, enjoying them whole or sliced and often pairing them with masala salt – a blend of black pepper, cumin, coriander, and chili powder – to enhance their flavor. This combination is a common accompaniment in Indian households. Guavas can also be cooked with spices for chutneys, combined with jaggery for sweet dishes, pickled, or blended into smoothies and refreshing drinks.

  • Scientific Binomial: Psidium guajava
  • Common English: Guava / Yellow Guava / Lemon Guava / Pink Guava
  • Ayurvedic: Peruka
  • Unani:
  • Sanskrit: Amaruuda
  • Hindi / Urdu: Amrood / Amrud
  • Bengali: Peyara
  • Marathi: Peru
  • Telugu: Jama
  • Tamil: Koyya / Segappu koyyaa  / Koiya pazham
  • Gujarati: Jamaphala / Jamfal 
  • Kannada: Perala / Seebe Hannu / Chepekaayi
  • Malayalam: Pera /  Perakka
  • Oriya: Amrud
  • Punjabi / Sindhi: Amarud
  • Assamese: Modhuriam / Madhuri Aam / Madhuriyam
  • Kashmiri:
  • Konkani: Peron / Peroo
  • Manipuri: Pungdon
  • Dogri:
  • Bhojpuri:

Guava Health Benefits

Guava is a tropical fruit native to Central America and Mexico. It was first cultivated by the Mayans and Aztecs, who believed it had medicinal properties. The Spanish introduced guava to the Philippines, where it is now widely grown. From there, it spread to the Caribbean islands and eventually to other tropical areas such as India, Africa, and the Middle East. Today, it is a popular fruit in many countries around the world. It can be eaten fresh or used to make jams, jellies, and juices. Guava is also a key ingredient in many traditional dishes. If you’re looking for a tasty and nutritious snack, this fruit is a great choice. Not only is it delicious, but it also offers a range of health benefits that make it a great addition to any healthy diet.

Digestive Health

To treat diarrhea, drink one full glass of guava juice daily. Guava is rich in vitamin C, and if you have access to the fresh fruit, it makes a wonderful juice. The juice is thick, so add ice and water, and then sweeten to taste with a small amount of raw sugar or honey, or add an orange to the mix.


Guavas are a good source of dietary fiber which helps to keep the digestive system running smoothly and prevents constipation. Eating guavas can help increase the amount of water in the intestines and bulk up the stool, making it easier to pass. The high levels of dietary fiber also help to keep the digestive system active and regular. Additionally, guavas are a good source of vitamin C, which helps to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract and promote regularity. Guava when eaten with seeds, gives roughage to the diet and helps in the normal evacuation of the bowels. The root bark of guava is valuable remedy for cholera. It is rich in tannis and can be successfully employed in the form of concentrated decoction in cholera. It will arrest vomiting and symptoms of diarrhea.

Skin Health

The Vitamin C in guavas is essential for healthy skin, as it helps the body produce collagen and elastin, which are important for maintaining a youthful, glowing complexion. Powdered guava leaves can be put on ringworm with good results.

Heart Health

The high levels of potassium in guavas help to reduce blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. The Negritos of the Philippines have used ripe guava as a tonic for strengthening weak hearts. Ripe guavas are consumed to overcome congestion of the lungs and throat. Guava is helpful in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, convulsion, and epilepsy.

Oral Health

The unripe guava is useful in halitosis. Chewing unripe guava is an excellent tonic for teeth and gums. It stops the bleeding from gums due its styptic effect and richness in vitamin C. Chewing its tender leaves also helps in curing bleeding from gums and keeps the teeth healthy. A decoction of root-bark can also be beneficial used as mouth- wash for swollen gums. Munching a guava after lunch removes most of the trapped particles.

Leaves Medicinal Uses

Guava leaves contain antioxidants, which can protect the body from cell damage caused by free radicals. Research shows that guava leaf tea possesses antibacterial properties, aiding in the fight against infections. Additionally, it may lower blood sugar levels, potentially serving as a natural remedy for diabetes. The leaves also aid in lowering cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of heart disease, and improving digestion due to their laxative properties.

1. Aids Weight Loss

Guava leaves are rich in dietary fibre, which helps to keep you feeling full for longer and prevents you from overeating. It also helps to speed up the metabolic process, aiding weight loss.  Here are few tips – How to use leaves for weight loss or to flat tummy? How long do I take these leaves to lose weight? For how long should I take guava leaf tea to lose weight?

  • Make a tea: Boil a few guava leaves in water. Add honey or lemon juice to taste. Drink this tea twice daily. Leaf tea has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce swelling and discomfort associated with joint pain and other inflammatory conditions.
  • Add guava leaves to your diet: Chop up a few leaves and add them to your salads or smoothies.
  • Make a guava leaf powder: Dry out leaves and grind them into a powder. Add this powder to soups, stews, and other dishes.
  • Take guava leaf supplements: You can purchase leaf supplements in many health food stores. Follow the instructions on the package to determine how much to take.
  • Eat guava fruit: Eating the fruit is a great way to get the benefits of guava leaves without having to consume the leaves directly. Guava is considered to be keto friendly as it is low in carbohydrates and high in fiber.

2. Improves Hair Health

Guava leaves are rich in vitamin B and potassium which helps to promote hair growth and reduce hair fall. They also contain high amounts of iron which helps to prevent premature greying of hair. Guava leaves are a natural remedy for hair fall. They are rich in vitamins and minerals that can help strengthen hair follicles and promote scalp health. They contain Vitamin B, C, and E, which help to nourish the hair and reduce hair fall. Guava leaves also contain polyphenols which are powerful antioxidants that protect the scalp from free radicals. These antioxidants help to reduce inflammation and can help to reduce the amount of hair fall. Leaves also contain essential minerals such as calcium and magnesium which help to strengthen the hair follicles and reduce hair fall.

How to use guava leaves for hair regrowth?
  1. Make a paste of leaves by grinding them in a blender or food processor with a little water.
  2. Apply the paste directly to your scalp, massaging it gently with your fingertips.
  3. Leave the paste on your scalp for 15 to 20 minutes.
  4. Rinse your hair with warm water and shampoo.
  5. Repeat this process twice a week to promote hair regrowth.

3. Regulates blood sugar levels

Guava leaves contain compounds that help to regulate blood sugar levels, making them beneficial for people with diabetes. Guava leaves are thought to help diabetics by regulating the absorption of glucose in the intestines, thus reducing the metabolism of glucose and preventing dramatic spikes in blood sugar levels. It also increases insulin sensitivity, allowing the body to better use its own insulin and reduce the reliance on supplemental forms. It helps by decreasing the production of advanced glycation end products, which are molecules that can cause damage to organs, nerve cells, and blood vessels. Also reduces inflammation and oxidative stress, which can help to protect the body from damage caused by chronic high blood sugar levels. Leaves can help reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. They can be used in a variety of ways, including:

  • Brewing the leaves to make guava leaf tea: Boil a handful of guava leaves in two cups of water for 10 minutes. Strain the tea and drink it three times a day.
  • Adding guava leaves to salads or other dishes.
  • Making a guava leaf paste and applying it directly to the skin.
  • Taking guava leaf supplements, which are available in pill form.

4. Fertility

The use of guava leaves for fertility has not been scientifically proven. However, some research has shown that guava leaves may help to improve sperm quality and motility in men. In women, these leaves may help to regulate hormones and reduce menstrual pain. Guava leaves also contain antioxidants which may help reduce oxidative stress in the body, which can impact fertility. Some traditional cultures believe that consuming leaves can help improve fertility in men due to its high vitamin C content. Vitamin C is known to help increase sperm motility and sperm count. Studies have also found that consuming guava leaves can help reduce oxidative stress and reduce inflammation, which can play a role in male infertility. It is important to speak with a health care provider before starting any herbal supplement to ensure safety and effectiveness.

How guava leaves can be used for fertility?
  • Make a tea. Steep a few dried guava leaves in hot water for around 10 minutes. Strain and drink the tea every day.
  • Consume leaf extract. Take 500mg of guava leaf extract twice daily.
  • Add guava leaves to your diet. You can add fresh leaves to salads, soups, and stews. You can also dry the leaves and use them as a seasoning for dishes.
  • Apply leaf paste. Make a paste using guava leaves, honey, and water. Apply this paste on your abdomen and leave it for about 20 minutes. Wash off with warm water.
  • Make a leaf tincture. Steep guava leaves in apple cider vinegar for around two weeks. Strain and take 1 tablespoon of the tincture three times daily.

5. Cure Wounds

Guava leaves have long been used as a medicinal remedy for wounds, cuts, and bruises. The natural antiseptic and astringent properties of the leaves help to reduce inflammation and promote healing. Leaves are known to contain compounds that can stop the growth of bacteria and fungi, which can help prevent infection. To use leaves for wound healing, grind a few fresh leaves into a paste and apply directly to the wound. OR Crush a few guava leaves and apply the paste directly to the wound. Allow the paste to sit on the wound for 10 minutes before rinsing it off with lukewarm water. The antibacterial and antiseptic properties of the leaves will help to reduce inflammation and promote healing. You can also steep the leaves in boiling water for 15 minutes, strain the liquid, and use it as a wash for the wound.

Healthy Recipes

What do you do with a guava? What can be made from ripe fruit or the best way to eat it?

  • Coconut Custard Pie: It is a traditional Caribbean dessert, featuring a creamy custard filling combined with the sweet and tart flavors of guava and coconut. The filling is typically set in a flaky pastry crust and topped with a sprinkle of shredded coconut.
  • Margarita: A Guava Margarita is a sweet and fruity twist on the classic Margarita cocktail. It is made with tequila, triple sec, lime juice, and guava juice. It is usually garnished with a lime wedge.
  • French Toast: Prepare this sweet and delicious breakfast dish by filling French toast with guava jam or preserves. Then, dip the toast in egg and fry it until golden brown. Typically, serve this dish with powdered sugar, a sprinkle of cinnamon, and a side of syrup or honey.
  • Cheese Empanadas: A traditional dish from Latin America, Guava Cheese Empanadas feature baked or fried pastries filled with a sweet and creamy guava cheese filling. The unique and delicious combination of guava and cheese flavors makes them popular as an appetizer, snack, or dessert, and they can be served hot or cold.
  • Rice Pudding: Prepare Guava Rice Pudding by combining cooked rice, evaporated milk, sugar, spices, and guava puree to create a creamy, flavorful dessert. This traditional Latin American dish is often garnished with a sprinkle of cinnamon, toasted coconut flakes, and a drizzle of honey.

Popular Indian Recipes

  • Chaat: Guava chaat is a popular street food snack in India. It involves slicing guavas and tossing them with spices such as chaat masala, black salt, cumin powder, chili powder, and a squeeze of lemon juice. This savory and tangy snack is perfect for those who enjoy a burst of flavors.
  • Chutney: Guava chutney is a delicious accompaniment to various Indian dishes such as samosas, pakoras, or even as a spread for sandwiches and wraps. To make guava chutney, cook chopped guavas with sugar, vinegar, spices like cumin, ginger, and chili until it thickens into a flavorful condiment.
  • Juice: Guava juice is a refreshing beverage that is popular in India, especially during the hot summer months. Simply blend ripe guavas with water, strain the mixture, and sweeten it with sugar or honey if desired. Serve chilled over ice for a cooling and hydrating drink.
  • Curry: Guava curry is a unique and delicious dish that combines the sweetness of guavas with savory spices. To make guava curry, sauté onions, tomatoes, and spices like cumin, coriander, turmeric, and chili powder. Add diced guavas and cook until tender. Garnish with fresh cilantro and serve with rice or bread.

Tree Plantation and Cultivation

Guava is a tropical plant that prefers warm climates. It grows best in areas with average temperatures between 65 and 75°F (18-24°C). Guava grows well in a variety of soil types, but prefers loamy, well-drained soils with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. Sandy loam soils with organic matter are the best for guava production. The soil should also be kept moist but not soggy.

  • From a cutting: You can grow guava from a cutting. Cuttings should be taken from healthy guava trees, and should be at least 2-3 inches long with a couple of leaves. Place the cutting in a pot filled with soil, and water it regularly. Keep the pot in a warm, sunny area. With proper care, the cutting should begin to root in a few weeks.
  • From a fruit: guava can be grown from a fruit. To do so, cut the fruit in half and remove the seed(s). Place the seed(s) in moist potting soil and cover with a thin layer of soil. Place the pot in a warm, sunny area and keep the soil evenly moist. When the seedlings emerge, thin out the weaker ones and transplant the strongest seedlings into individual pots. 
  • From a seed: You can grow a guava tree from a seed. To do this, you will need to remove the seed from the guava fruit and then soak it in water for two days to soften the seed’s outer coating. Next, you will need to plant the seed in a pot filled with a soil and compost mixture and keep the soil moist. Place the pot in a sunny location, and the seed should germinate in a few days. As the plant grows, you can transplant it into a larger pot, or into your garden.

How to Grow Guava Tree?

You can grow the plant in a container. You’ll need a large container with drainage holes, a well-draining potting mix, and a tree sapling. Plant the tree in the potting mix, making sure the root ball is completely covered. Water the tree deeply and regularly, and make sure the soil stays moist but not soggy. Prune the tree regularly and feed it with a balanced fertilizer every few weeks. Place the container in an area with full sun or partial shade.

  1. Select a sunny spot in your garden that has good drainage.
  2. Dig a large hole in the soil about twice the size of the root ball of the tree.
  3. Place the guava tree in the hole and spread its roots.
  4. Fill the hole with soil and press down firmly.
  5. Water the tree thoroughly and mulch the soil around the tree to retain moisture.
  6. Prune the tree to encourage new growth and to maintain its shape.
  7. Fertilize the tree with a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season.
  8. Water the tree regularly during the dry season.
  9. Adjust the amount of water depending on the weather conditions.
  10. Watch out for pests and diseases, and take appropriate measures to control them.

Side Effects, Precautions and Warnings

Eating guava seeds can cause digestive distress, as they are hard and can be difficult to digest. Eating too many seeds can also cause constipation and stomach upset. Additionally, seeds contain high levels of oxalates, which can increase the risk of kidney stones in some people. So can I eat guava when I have kidney stones? the answer is eating guava does not create any problems for kidney stones. In fact, consuming the fruit may be beneficial for those with kidney stones, as it is rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, which can help reduce the risk of kidney stones.


Q. Should we drink water after eating guava?
Yes, it’s recommended to drink water after eating guava to help with digestion.

Q. Can guavas help me with constipation?
Yes, guavas have a high amount of dietary fiber and can help relieve constipation. The dietary fiber helps to add bulk to stools, making them easier to pass. In addition, guavas contain compounds called sorbitol and mannitol, which can act as natural laxatives.

Q. Do guava or tomato seeds cause any stones (e.g. kidney stones or gallstones)?
No, guava and tomato seeds do not cause any stones.

Q. How many guava eat per day?
There is no specific recommended amount of guava to eat per day, as it depends on individual dietary needs and preferences. Eating too much guava can lead to digestive issues and other health problems. It is generally recommended to consume no more than one or two pieces of guava per day.

Q. Does guava increase immunity?
Guava is a nutritious fruit believed to offer many health benefits, including boosting immunity. It contains high levels of vitamin C, known for its immune system support, and numerous antioxidants that may help protect the body from disease. Additionally, some research has suggested that plant leaves may have antimicrobial properties, which may help protect against infections.

Q. What is the best time to eat?

It is best to eat guava in the morning or mid-afternoon. Eating guava in the morning is a great way to start the day with an energizing snack. Eating it mid-afternoon is a great way to get a burst of energy and nutrition to help you through the rest of the day. Guava is a healthy snack that you can enjoy at any time of the day. You can eat ripe guavas raw as a snack or as part of a meal. Additionally, you can use guavas in various recipes, including juice, jams, chutneys, and desserts. The fruit seeds are edible too; they are commonly dried and ground into flour, which you can use to make bread, cakes, and other treats.

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